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17.2.5 SWT: Close to the Metal

SWT breaks some of the Java contract. For example, you cannot rely on garbage collection to clean up SWT objects. Any SWT object you create with new must be explicitly destroyed with a call to the dispose() method. Why? Since SWT is implemented with native methods, the low-level implementation allocates native OS data structures and objects that must be explicitly freed. Since the Java garbage collector cannot be relied upon to collect objects at a certain time (or ever, for that matter), these allocations can result in memory leaks and address space conflicts. As we shall see, however, SWT is well designed to minimize the amount of this that you need to worry about.

SWT is also close to the metal in the sense that it does not abstract the underlying message-based event system that drives both X Window and

Microsoft Windows. If you have ever written an X Window or Microsoft Windows application in straight C (without a GUI framework library or class library), you have written a main() function that contains an event loop. SWT actually puts simple method calls around this core message queue event loop. We’ll cover the details of this in the next section where we introduce the Display and Shell classes.