org.springframework.transaction.annotation

Annotation Type EnableTransactionManagement



  • @Target(value=TYPE)
     @Retention(value=RUNTIME)
     @Documented
     @Import(value=TransactionManagementConfigurationSelector.class)
    public @interface EnableTransactionManagement
    Enables Spring's annotation-driven transaction management capability, similar to the support found in Spring's <tx:*> XML namespace. To be used on @Configuration classes as follows:
     @Configuration
     @EnableTransactionManagement
     public class AppConfig {
    
         @Bean
         public FooRepository fooRepository() {
             // configure and return a class having @Transactional methods
             return new JdbcFooRepository(dataSource());
         }
    
         @Bean
         public DataSource dataSource() {
             // configure and return the necessary JDBC DataSource
         }
    
         @Bean
         public PlatformTransactionManager txManager() {
             return new DataSourceTransactionManager(dataSource());
         }
     }

    For reference, the example above can be compared to the following Spring XML configuration:

     <beans>
    
         <tx:annotation-driven/>
    
         <bean id="fooRepository" class="com.foo.JdbcFooRepository">
             <constructor-arg ref="dataSource"/>
         </bean>
    
         <bean id="dataSource" class="com.vendor.VendorDataSource"/>
    
         <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.sfwk...DataSourceTransactionManager">
             <constructor-arg ref="dataSource"/>
         </bean>
    
     </beans>
     
    In both of the scenarios above, @EnableTransactionManagement and <tx:annotation-driven/> are responsible for registering the necessary Spring components that power annotation-driven transaction management, such as the TransactionInterceptor and the proxy- or AspectJ-based advice that weave the interceptor into the call stack when JdbcFooRepository's @Transactional methods are invoked.

    A minor difference between the two examples lies in the naming of the PlatformTransactionManager bean: In the @Bean case, the name is "txManager" (per the name of the method); in the XML case, the name is "transactionManager". The <tx:annotation-driven/> is hard-wired to look for a bean named "transactionManager" by default, however @EnableTransactionManagement is more flexible; it will fall back to a by-type lookup for any PlatformTransactionManager bean in the container. Thus the name can be "txManager", "transactionManager", or "tm": it simply does not matter.

    For those that wish to establish a more direct relationship between @EnableTransactionManagement and the exact transaction manager bean to be used, the TransactionManagementConfigurer callback interface may be implemented - notice the implements clause and the @Override-annotated method below:

     @Configuration
     @EnableTransactionManagement
     public class AppConfig implements TransactionManagementConfigurer {
    
         @Bean
         public FooRepository fooRepository() {
             // configure and return a class having @Transactional methods
             return new JdbcFooRepository(dataSource());
         }
    
         @Bean
         public DataSource dataSource() {
             // configure and return the necessary JDBC DataSource
         }
    
         @Bean
         public PlatformTransactionManager txManager() {
             return new DataSourceTransactionManager(dataSource());
         }
    
         @Override
         public PlatformTransactionManager annotationDrivenTransactionManager() {
             return txManager();
         }
     }
    This approach may be desirable simply because it is more explicit, or it may be necessary in order to distinguish between two PlatformTransactionManager beans present in the same container. As the name suggests, the annotationDrivenTransactionManager() will be the one used for processing @Transactional methods. See TransactionManagementConfigurer Javadoc for further details.

    The mode() attribute controls how advice is applied: If the mode is AdviceMode.PROXY (the default), then the other attributes control the behavior of the proxying. Please note that proxy mode allows for interception of calls through the proxy only; local calls within the same class cannot get intercepted that way.

    Note that if the mode() is set to AdviceMode.ASPECTJ, then the value of the proxyTargetClass() attribute will be ignored. Note also that in this case the spring-aspects module JAR must be present on the classpath, with compile-time weaving or load-time weaving applying the aspect to the affected classes. There is no proxy involved in such a scenario; local calls will be intercepted as well.

    Since:
    3.1
    Author:
    Chris Beams, Juergen Hoeller
    See Also:
    TransactionManagementConfigurer, TransactionManagementConfigurationSelector, ProxyTransactionManagementConfiguration, AspectJTransactionManagementConfiguration
    • Optional Element Summary

      Optional Elements 
      Modifier and Type Optional Element and Description
      AdviceMode mode
      Indicate how transactional advice should be applied.
      int order
      Indicate the ordering of the execution of the transaction advisor when multiple advices are applied at a specific joinpoint.
      boolean proxyTargetClass
      Indicate whether subclass-based (CGLIB) proxies are to be created (true) as opposed to standard Java interface-based proxies (false).
    • Element Detail

      • proxyTargetClass

        public abstract boolean proxyTargetClass
        Indicate whether subclass-based (CGLIB) proxies are to be created (true) as opposed to standard Java interface-based proxies (false). The default is false. Applicable only if mode() is set to AdviceMode.PROXY.

        Note that setting this attribute to true will affect all Spring-managed beans requiring proxying, not just those marked with @Transactional. For example, other beans marked with Spring's @Async annotation will be upgraded to subclass proxying at the same time. This approach has no negative impact in practice unless one is explicitly expecting one type of proxy vs another, e.g. in tests.

        Default:
        false
      • mode

        public abstract AdviceMode mode
        Indicate how transactional advice should be applied.

        The default is AdviceMode.PROXY. Please note that proxy mode allows for interception of calls through the proxy only. Local calls within the same class cannot get intercepted that way; an Transactional annotation on such a method within a local call will be ignored since Spring's interceptor does not even kick in for such a runtime scenario. For a more advanced mode of interception, consider switching this to AdviceMode.ASPECTJ.

        Default:
        org.springframework.context.annotation.AdviceMode.PROXY
      • order

        public abstract int order
        Indicate the ordering of the execution of the transaction advisor when multiple advices are applied at a specific joinpoint.

        The default is Ordered.LOWEST_PRECEDENCE.

        Default:
        2147483647