org.springframework.web.servlet

Interface HandlerInterceptor

  • All Known Subinterfaces:
    AsyncHandlerInterceptor
    All Known Implementing Classes:
    ConversionServiceExposingInterceptor, HandlerInterceptorAdapter, LocaleChangeInterceptor, MappedInterceptor, ResourceUrlProviderExposingInterceptor, ThemeChangeInterceptor, UserRoleAuthorizationInterceptor, WebContentInterceptor, WebRequestHandlerInterceptorAdapter


    public interface HandlerInterceptor
    Workflow interface that allows for customized handler execution chains. Applications can register any number of existing or custom interceptors for certain groups of handlers, to add common preprocessing behavior without needing to modify each handler implementation.

    A HandlerInterceptor gets called before the appropriate HandlerAdapter triggers the execution of the handler itself. This mechanism can be used for a large field of preprocessing aspects, e.g. for authorization checks, or common handler behavior like locale or theme changes. Its main purpose is to allow for factoring out repetitive handler code.

    In an asynchronous processing scenario, the handler may be executed in a separate thread while the main thread exits without rendering or invoking the postHandle and afterCompletion callbacks. When concurrent handler execution completes, the request is dispatched back in order to proceed with rendering the model and all methods of this contract are invoked again. For further options and details see org.springframework.web.servlet.AsyncHandlerInterceptor

    Typically an interceptor chain is defined per HandlerMapping bean, sharing its granularity. To be able to apply a certain interceptor chain to a group of handlers, one needs to map the desired handlers via one HandlerMapping bean. The interceptors themselves are defined as beans in the application context, referenced by the mapping bean definition via its "interceptors" property (in XML: a <list> of <ref>).

    HandlerInterceptor is basically similar to a Servlet Filter, but in contrast to the latter it just allows custom pre-processing with the option of prohibiting the execution of the handler itself, and custom post-processing. Filters are more powerful, for example they allow for exchanging the request and response objects that are handed down the chain. Note that a filter gets configured in web.xml, a HandlerInterceptor in the application context.

    As a basic guideline, fine-grained handler-related preprocessing tasks are candidates for HandlerInterceptor implementations, especially factored-out common handler code and authorization checks. On the other hand, a Filter is well-suited for request content and view content handling, like multipart forms and GZIP compression. This typically shows when one needs to map the filter to certain content types (e.g. images), or to all requests.

    Since:
    20.06.2003
    Author:
    Juergen Hoeller
    See Also:
    HandlerExecutionChain.getInterceptors(), HandlerInterceptorAdapter, AbstractHandlerMapping.setInterceptors(java.lang.Object...), UserRoleAuthorizationInterceptor, LocaleChangeInterceptor, ThemeChangeInterceptor, Filter
    • Method Detail

      • preHandle

        default boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request,
                                  HttpServletResponse response,
                                  java.lang.Object handler)
                           throws java.lang.Exception
        Intercept the execution of a handler. Called after HandlerMapping determined an appropriate handler object, but before HandlerAdapter invokes the handler.

        DispatcherServlet processes a handler in an execution chain, consisting of any number of interceptors, with the handler itself at the end. With this method, each interceptor can decide to abort the execution chain, typically sending a HTTP error or writing a custom response.

        Note: special considerations apply for asynchronous request processing. For more details see AsyncHandlerInterceptor.

        The default implementation returns true.

        Parameters:
        request - current HTTP request
        response - current HTTP response
        handler - chosen handler to execute, for type and/or instance evaluation
        Returns:
        true if the execution chain should proceed with the next interceptor or the handler itself. Else, DispatcherServlet assumes that this interceptor has already dealt with the response itself.
        Throws:
        java.lang.Exception - in case of errors
      • postHandle

        default void postHandle(HttpServletRequest request,
                                HttpServletResponse response,
                                java.lang.Object handler,
                                @Nullable
                                ModelAndView modelAndView)
                         throws java.lang.Exception
        Intercept the execution of a handler. Called after HandlerAdapter actually invoked the handler, but before the DispatcherServlet renders the view. Can expose additional model objects to the view via the given ModelAndView.

        DispatcherServlet processes a handler in an execution chain, consisting of any number of interceptors, with the handler itself at the end. With this method, each interceptor can post-process an execution, getting applied in inverse order of the execution chain.

        Note: special considerations apply for asynchronous request processing. For more details see AsyncHandlerInterceptor.

        The default implementation is empty.

        Parameters:
        request - current HTTP request
        response - current HTTP response
        handler - handler (or HandlerMethod) that started asynchronous execution, for type and/or instance examination
        modelAndView - the ModelAndView that the handler returned (can also be null)
        Throws:
        java.lang.Exception - in case of errors
      • afterCompletion

        default void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest request,
                                     HttpServletResponse response,
                                     java.lang.Object handler,
                                     @Nullable
                                     java.lang.Exception ex)
                              throws java.lang.Exception
        Callback after completion of request processing, that is, after rendering the view. Will be called on any outcome of handler execution, thus allows for proper resource cleanup.

        Note: Will only be called if this interceptor's preHandle method has successfully completed and returned true!

        As with the postHandle method, the method will be invoked on each interceptor in the chain in reverse order, so the first interceptor will be the last to be invoked.

        Note: special considerations apply for asynchronous request processing. For more details see AsyncHandlerInterceptor.

        The default implementation is empty.

        Parameters:
        request - current HTTP request
        response - current HTTP response
        handler - handler (or HandlerMethod) that started asynchronous execution, for type and/or instance examination
        ex - exception thrown on handler execution, if any
        Throws:
        java.lang.Exception - in case of errors